Laravel is an open source PHP web framework, developed and maintained by Taylor Otwell, who is attempting to provide more advanced options to CodeIgniter Framework. Its architectural patterns are based primarily on a symphony.
This framework got more popularity among the top PHP developers after the release of version 3, which included features like command line interface, support for database systems, and migration. It also introduced a packaging system named Bundle.
Laravel’s first stable version was released in June 2011. The current stable version - 5.6, was released in February 2018 and version 5.7, which was recently released in September 2018.
Here we will highlight some interesting features of the Laravel framework, which will explain why it is achieving such popularity.
1. MVC support and object-oriented approach
The first and foremost advantage of using the Laravel Framework is that it is as follows - model, visual and controller-based architectural patterns and it has an expressive syntax that makes it object-oriented.
2. Built-in authentication and authorization
Laravel provides an out-of-the-box configuration for authentication and authorization systems. That is, in the order of a few craftsmen, your application will be equipped with secure authentication and authorization.
3. Packaging system
A packaging system is related to many support software or libraries that help web applications automate the process. Laravel uses a composer as a compositor manager, who manages all the information needed to manage the packages. Package is a great way to speed up development, we have to provide functionality outside the box. Image, Laravel Debug Bar and Laravel IDE Helper are some of the best Laravel packages.
4. Original file system
Laravel also has built-in support for the cloud storage system such as Amazon S3 and Rack Space cloud storage and of course for local storage. Switching between these storage options is surprisingly simple because the API remains the same for each system. You can use all three systems in an application to serve files from multiple locations in a distributed environment.
5. Artisan Console
Laravel has its own command line interface called Artisan. Common uses of ARTISON include publishing package assets, managing database migration, creating new controller, model and boilerplate code for migration. This feature frees the developer from making proper code skeletons. By applying a new custom command, the craftsman’s functionality and capabilities can expand.
6. Great ORM
Eloquent ORM is the underlying OSM implementation of Laravel. Laravel has the best object-relational mapper, while compared to other configurations. This object-relational mapping allows you to interact with your database objects and database relationships using the expression syntax.
7. Floating Engine
Laravel comes with an inbuilt template engine known as the blade template engine. The blade templating engine combines one or more templates with the data model to generate the resulting ideas, which by transferring the template to the cached PHP code for better performance. Blade also provides a set of its own control structures such as conditional statements and loops, which are internally mapped to their PHP counterparts.
Scheduler, introduced in Laravel 5.0, is an addition to the Artisan Command-Line utility which allows programmatic scheduling of tasks executed from time to time. Internally, the scheduler relies on the Crown daemon to run a single artisan job, which, in turn, executes the configured tasks.
9. Events and Broadcasting
Laravel has a concept called broadcast name which is useful in the modern web application to implement real-time data, including live feeds, etc. Broadcasting allows you to share the same event name between your server-side and client-side so that you can pull real-time data from the app.
When it comes to testing the application, Laravel provides unit testing for application by default, which has self-tests which detect and stop regression in the framework. Integration of PHP unit into Laravel application such as test framework is very easy. Apart from this, unit testing can be run through the artisan command line utility provided.